Kako cink in vitamin C pomagata zmanjšati tveganje za prehlad?

Naš imunski sistem je nenehno zaposlen in oddaljuje vsiljivce, kot so virusi, bakterije in drugi mikrobi. V hladnih mesecih leta, ko so vsi bolj blizu in obstaja večja verjetnost, da ostanejo v notranjosti, je naš imunski sistem še posebej ogrožen. Suh ogrevan zrak nam posuši sluznico in če kih ne pristane na robčku, imajo prehladni virusi lahko življenje. V tem primeru imunski sistem potrebuje našo polno podporo. Ugotovite, kako cink in vitamin C pomagata podpirati normalno delovanje imunskega sistema (zlasti v sezoni gripe)

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Kako pravočasno zmanjšati možnosti za prehlad

Povprečna odrasla oseba mora vsako leto v Sloveniji pričakovati, da bo gripo prenesla od dva do štirikrat, otroci pa celo do dvanajstkrat. Zato je vedno prisotna določena stopnja tveganja. S kontaktom in kapljicami se okužbe z rinovirusi hitro širijo od enega gostitelja do drugega. V samo 24 urah se hitro razmnožijo v nosu in grlu, ko se simptomi prehlada (npr. Vneto grlo, kašelj, izcedek iz nosu) pojavijo in razširijo na ljudi v bližini. Povprečnega prehlada je konec po 7,4 dneh, včasih pa traja tudi do 14 dni. Ker obstajajo številni virusi prehlada, ki se zelo hitro razmnožujejo in mutirajo, pogosto obstajajo prave sezone gripe, ki so odgovorne za mnoge bolniške staleže in zamujene dni v službi in v šolah. Zlasti pri že oslabljenih ali bolj dovzetnih osebah lahko gripa povzroči resnejše sekundarne bolezni, kot so vnetja srednjega ušesa ali sinusitis. V tem primeru je treba hitro ukrepati ali izboljšati preventivne ukrepe za krepitev imunskega sistema in odpornost proti gripi vsakič, ko napada!

High doses of zinc shorten colds and make them less intense

Several studies have shown that zinc can be successfully used to prevent and treat colds. The number of colds that actually broke out decreased significantly among the subjects. Even the probability that an existing cold would last seven days becomes very low. In addition, the cold symptoms among the subjects were a lot milder. However, to benefit, high zinc doses must be taken immediately after the first cold symptoms appear, and no later than 24 hours after the cold has started.

The correct zinc compound is also important, as this effect could be seen only when high doses of organic zinc compounds, that exceeded 75 mg, were taken. Organic zinc compounds are readily biologically available and can be specifically taken in consultation with your physician when zinc deficiency is detected.

This is how zinc can help you during a cold

Zinc is effective in fighting colds because it prevents the adherence of cold viruses to the host's cells in the nasal mucosa – it simply drives them out due to the fact that it occupies their docking location. Additionally, it inhibits the growth and stops the reproduction of these germs. Finally, zinc helps to alleviate the possible inflammation reactions caused by a cold because it prevents the release of histamine and stops the prostaglandin metabolism. Thus, the nasal mucosa does not swell as much, allowing the person to breathe easier. Owing to these findings, zinc should be taken in the form of a lozenge or gurgled as solution from an effervescent tablet before being swallowed. Although many complain of the taste, this is the only way that zinc can have a direct effect on the mucous membranes, fighting the viruses where they are instead of having to take the detour through the digestive tract.

Vitamin C helps to lower the chances of catching a cold

A balanced vitamin C level (i.e. a good supply of vitamin C) contributes to the healthy function of the immune system. Once the cold viruses have reached our mucous membranes, vitamin C becomes active in various places. It induces the formation of white blood cells, adheres to free radicals, neutralizing them and regenerating more of the body's own antioxidants. In this way, it keeps our immune system going and reduces oxidative stress. When a cold starts, the vitamin C level occasionally falls drastically owing to the increased expenditure. If this happens, it is advisable to take high doses of vitamin C quickly to support our body’s defense system that it is not brought down to its knees.

As little as two glasses of freshly squeezed orange juice a day (1,000-2,000 mg of vitamin C) help us to have a healthy immune system. This was shown by some studies, in which a balanced vitamin C level could shorten the duration of a cold somewhat and alleviated symptoms. If you notice the first signs of a cold, it is therefore a good idea to fill up the vitamin C reservoir immediately and not to give up until you have hopefully recovered quickly from the cold.

Lowering the risks of catching a cold with zinc and vitamin C

To lower the risk of catching a cold, it is advisable to pay attention to the vitamin C and zinc balance, and not only during the flu season. The German Nutrition Society recommends healthy adults a daily intake of at least 7 to 10 mg of zinc and 95 to 110 mg of vitamin C, depending on gender, to satisfy the normal need. If there is no illness or another acute deficiency situation, this can be accomplished simply by a balanced diet. Zinc is found, for example, in cheese, peanuts, and oatmeal, whereas vitamin C is found in products like citrus, onions or bell peppers, as well as in various berries. Together with other biofactors, zinc and vitamin C help us to have a healthy immune system and to reduce the risk of disease. Find out here, how we can strengthen our immune defense with biofactors.

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